Over 50% of crop stubble burning incidents in Punjab between September 1 and October 6 have been centered in Amritsar and Tarn Taran, whereas Kurukshetra, Karnal and Ambala districts in Haryana recorded the main chunk of “pink dots” captured on Nasa’s satellite tv for pc imagery.
Pawan Gupta, senior scientist at Universities Area Analysis Affiliation, Nasa, who analysed VIIRS satellite tv for pc information between September 1 and October 6, mentioned clear hotspots had emerged throughout this era, with Amritsar displaying a excessive fireplace depend.
“Fires detected by VIIRS SNPP satellite tv for pc information and Fireplace Data for Useful resource Administration System confirmed hotspots in each Punjab and Haryana. General, the fireplace depend is barely anticipated to extend within the coming days because the monsoon begins to withdraw,” added Gupta.
LS Kurinji, programme affiliate at Council on Vitality, Setting and Water, mentioned information had proven over 340 farm fires to this point in Punjab, whereas 68 have been recorded in Haryana. Nonetheless, the hotspots hadn’t modified a lot in contrast with information of the final 5 years.
“Up to now, fires have largely been noticed in Amritsar and Tarn Taran in Punjab and Kurukshetra, Karnal and Ambala in Haryana, much like the development noticed in corresponding intervals over the previous 5 years. Taking cues from historic information, the Punjab authorities ought to deal with environment friendly logistics administration of present crop residue administration choices in these hotspots to make sure well timed entry to farmers,” mentioned Kurinji.
Amit Banka, founder and CEO of WeNaturalists, an environment-centric social community, mentioned stubble burning was not a latest phenomenon, with states now understanding totally properly what the issue was. Nonetheless, well timed options have been nonetheless not being supplied to farmers.
“It’s now time to deal with the options. In international locations just like the UK and China, it has been banned and options adopted. There are a number of choices out there, together with selling low lignocellulosic crops, utilizing manure and decomposition strategies or just utilizing new machines and applied sciences,” added Banka.
Final yr, Punjab recorded its highest fireplace depend since 2016, whereas Haryana confirmed a big enchancment, recording numbers decrease than the final 5 years. Stubble burning tends to select up in each states in addition to Uttar Pradesh from the second week of October when harvesting season begins. Unable to take away the stubble on time earlier than planting the subsequent crop, farmers typically resort to burning the residue.